[16], During the 1590s Melville's apartment at Rossend Castle was decorated with a painted ceiling now displayed at the National Museum of Scotland. She was altered to 14-gun brig in 1813. Initially designed as a schooner, she was altered to 14-gun brig in 1813. His younger brother Sir James Melville of Halhill wrote a famous political memoir. Mary Amanet was a passenger aboard The Ship Lord Melville I which sailed from England on Sunday, 15 September 1816 and arrived in Sydney, NSW Australia on 24 February 1817. In 1616 he was made Lord Melville of Monimail. [49], A monument to him, modeled loosely on Trajan's Column in Rome, stands in the centre of St Andrew Square, Edinburgh. Dundas had already left the Privy Council, in 1805, but he remained in the House of Lords. [14] He proposed ending slavery and the slave trade together. From about 1798 on he pleaded frequently to be allowed to resign from his offices on health grounds, but Pitt, who relied on him greatly, refused even to consider it. The Whigs in Canning's coalition now persuaded him tha… Dundas is buried in a vault in Old Lasswade Kirkyard, with most of his descendants. [48], In 1848, John Septimus Roe, the government surveyor (in the then colony of Western Australia), was searching for pastoral land and discovered the area around Norseman which he named Dundas Hills, after the colonial secretary. [3] He was forgiven by Mary and sent again to the English court as her diplomat. The governor of Jamaica, Alexander Lindsay, 6th Earl of Balcarres, used a contrived breach of treaty as a pretext to deport most of the Trelawny Town Maroons to Nova Scotia. [32][33], Dundas also presided over a crisis in Britain's most important possession, the Colony of Jamaica. Within days she confessed in a letter to Dundas, saying she was "undeserving of being your wife or the mother to your unhappy children. After Mary fled to England he brought jewels, clothing, and horses to her at Bolton Castle. Hamish MacPherson, "Henry Dundas: The Scotsman who kept slavery going", "Henry Dundas' private papers bought for Scots archive", https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000nrpb#:~:text=Scotland%2C%20Slavery%20and%20Statues%20The%20Melville%20Monument%20in,follows%20the%20debate%20over%20how%20controversial%20politician%20, "The University of Edinburgh Belles Lettres Society (1759-64) and the Rhetoric of the Novel", "Obliterating our history by removing statues is path to repeating mistakes", "The Parliamentary History of England, From the Earliest Period to the Year 1803, Vol XXIX, (First Session of the Seventeenth Parliament; Second Session of the Seventeenth Parliament, 1791-1792), at 359. In this role, Dundas was responsible for organising several British expeditions to the Caribbean to seize vulnerable French and Spanish possessions, the largest being that led by Sir Ralph Abercromy in 1795-6. [1] He married Catharine Leslie, daughter of Alexander Leslie, Lord Balgonie and Lady Margaret Leslie, on 18 January 1655. )[8], While awaiting his "examination", a kind of interrogation, in September 1573, he wrote to the English diplomat Henry Killigrew and Cecil for help. He said he had never been happy to receive help from Flanders. He was made Lord Raith, Monymaill and Balwearie and Viscount of Kirkcaldy at the same time, also in the Peerage of Scotland. By inserting the word "gradual" into the motion, Young says Dundas ensured a successful vote for the ultimate abolition of the trade in slaves. As a major official favourably disposed to Jack Aubrey, Lord Melville's political interest is often helpful to the captain. Charles Saunders Melville Dundas, 6th Viscount Melville: Hon. His name appears in the 1776 minute book of the Poker Club. He married Catherine Leslie, daughter of Alexander Leslie, Lord Balgonie, and granddaughter of Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven. The Navy's paymaster, Alexander Trotter, admitted to the Commission that he had transferred public money from the Bank of England to his own credit at a private Coutts bank, investing and loaning the funds at interest from which he benefited. By 1815, she was unfit for anything but transport duties. We first see Lord Melbourne in Doll 123. Alexander Robert Leslie-Melville, 14th Earl of Leven DL (13 May 1924 – 7 April 2012) was a Scottish peer and soldier. His mission was to collect a subsidy or annuity of £4,000 which Elizabeth gave to James VI, and ask for 34 elm trees for the king's garden. He was promoted to captain of the 83rd Regiment in 1824, … "The Government of Scotland under Henry Dundas and William Pitt.". By 1900, however, historians were harsh, denouncing him as the epitome of corruption and oppression who had sold out Scotland to the English. He arrived in Edinburgh and reported back to Elizabeth and Cecil on the aftermath of the murder of David Rizzio. Gold was discovered there in 1893, the Dundas Field was proclaimed, and the town of Dundas established (ca. [47], The District of Dundas in New South Wales was named after the Colonial Secretary, Henry Dundas. Lord Melville may refer to: . A captain in the Coldstream Guards, he fought in World War II, and was wounded. He died in May 1811, in Edinburgh, aged 69, and was succeeded in his titles by his son from his first marriage, Robert. [23] Michael Fry said that Dundas's earlier success in Knight v Wedderburn was "instrumental in prohibiting not only negro slavery but also native serfdom in Scotland. The crisis of the system came in 1827 on the resignation of Liverpool and the succession of George Canning, who was set on Catholic emancipation. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742 – 28 May 1811) was a Scottish advocate and "independent Whig" politician. Additionally, Heneage 'Hen' Dundas, a real-life naval officer son of Thomas Dundas, appears as a younger son of Lord Melville. In 1776, Dundas acted as counsel to Joseph Knight, who had been purchased as a slave in Jamaica and was later taken to Scotland. Object type: painting. The statue has proven to be controversial, because of the role Dundas played as Secretary of State for War in delaying the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade during the 1790s. [1] He was the son of John Melville, 3rd Lord Melville of Monymaill and Anne Erskine. Melville hoped for English political intervention for his release. In 1681 their son David Leslie-Melville inherited the title of Earl of Leven. He was educated at the Edinburgh High School, and entered parliament when aged twenty-three, in 1794, as M.P. He was Aide-de-camp to the Governor-General of New Zealand, from 1951 to 1952. Henry Dundas, in accordance with the law of the time, kept their property. Although Dundas was replaced as Home Secretary by the Duke of Portland in July 1794, Pitt nonetheless wished to maintain direction of the war effort in Dundas' trusted hands, and so created for him the new office of Secretary of State for War. The fourth holder of the lordship of Melville was George (c. 1634–1707), a son of John, the 3rd lord (d. 1643), and a descendant of Sir John Melville. [53][54] The statue is a controversial figure, because of the role Dundas played in preventing the immediate abolition of slavery. Peter J. Kitson, Debbie Lee and Anne K. Mellor, Edward B. Jones, "Henry Dundas, India, and British Reactions to Napoleon's Invasion of Egypt, 1798-1801", Gary D. Hutchison, "‘The Manager in Distress’: Reaction to the Impeachment of Henry Dundas, 1805–7. HMS Lord Melville (also known as HMS Melville) was a brig of the Royal Navy launched at Kingston, Ontario on 20 July 1813. He first attended Dalkeith Grammar School before an attack of smallpox interrupted his studies, after which he moved to the Royal High School, Edinburgh, before enrolling at the University of Edinburgh to study law. Dwyer, John, and Alexander Murdoch. He was readmitted to the Privy Council in 1807. In 1792 Dundas County was named in his honour. The family gained its surname from the 1655 marriage of George Melville, Fourth Lord Melville and First Earl of Melville to Catherine Leslie a descendant of Alexander Leslie, first Earl of Leven. Melville said that, while he personally supported it, he could not approve of a policy which would split the outgoing cabinet. D&D Beyond Victoria and Lord Melbourne's relationship becomes strained after Victoria realises he … Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville by Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg 2,400 × 2,896; 966 KB Lord Melville Monument - geograph.org.uk - 1616580.jpg 480 × 640; 101 KB Malagrida, Driving Post.jpg 750 × 540; 185 KB Pauline Melville (born 1948) is a Guyanese-born actress and writer. [42], After this divorce Dundas was married again, to Lady Jane Hope, daughter of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun, in 1793. Lord Melville is introduced in episode 9. He was created an Legum Doctor by the university of Edinburgh on 11 November 1789, was Lord Rector of the university of Glasgow from 1781 to 1783, and on 2 February 1788 was appointed Chancellor of the university of St Andrews. While a student he was a member of the Edinburgh University Belles Lettres Society, participating in its meetings and gaining his first experience of public speaking at the society's debates.[5]. [50] A statue of Dundas, sculpted by Robert Forrest from a model by Francis Chantrey,[52] was added to the top in 1828. The Entail of Leven After they lost territory to the armies of Toussaint L'Ouverture, and became bogged down in their retreat to the western towns of Mole St Nicholas and Jeremie in Haiti, the British accepted they could not defeat the armies of black ex-slaves, and negotiated to withdraw from the island, resulting in thousands of British deaths for no gain. O'Brian casts Melville's impeachment for malversation of public monies as a political attack using naval intelligence spending, the details of which cannot be disclosed for security and the safety of intelligence agents—such as Stephen Maturin. [17], "Two painted ceilings from Rossend Castle, Burntisland, Fife", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Melville,_1st_Lord_Melville&oldid=979906259, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 12:58. 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